HUNTING & FISHING
In a real world SHTF scenario there are an enormous amount of possibilities to consider. If the event is epic enough, then all current infrastructures that provide goods and services may no longer be functioning to full capacity, or at all for that matter. Obtaining and maintaining food, water, shelter, and supplies will be a personal responsibility that no longer involves trips to a traditional grocery/department store. Under such circumstances, those who can hunt, fish, forage, and grow their own crops will have the best chance of survival. Those who lack these necessary skills of self-reliance will either have to rely on the good heartedness of others, or they will perish somewhere along the path.
Hunting and fishing are two very important skills to acquire. Depending on where you live, wild edibles may only be available half the year. Under such conditions, one will need the skills to supplement their food sources; hunting and fishing will provide the greatest opportunity of achieving success. In this category, hunting and fishing can be accomplished in several ways; the most effective for survival purposes are those methods that allow you the opportunity to capture/sacrifice an animal without needing to maintain a physical presence in the hunting area. Properly placed snares and traps not only provide the best possibility of securing a much-needed food source, they also allow you to focus on completing other tasks; stopping back once or twice a day to check the snares and traps. This training module will attempt to encompass those methods that incorporate this type of efficiency. Keep in mind, the more traps and snares you set, the better your chances of success.
Setting snares is one of the most effective and efficient methods of attempting to supplement food sources. There are several methods for setting snares, as well as a wide variety of snare configurations to choose from. This training video was chosen to demonstrate the ease with which snares can be set. Unlike traps, which will be featured in another video, snares can be assembled with nothing more than a single strand of wire or cordage, they do not require several interlocking mechanisms that are activated by a trigger.
The first training video on building and using traps involves the use of a bird trap. Birds are one of the most abundant animals in the forest, which means you have a better chance of catching them than you do other small game. Strategically placed these traps can provide an abundance of food in the form of fowl. These traps are also large enough to capture several species of small game; however, most of those animals are not going to be as easy to retrieve from the trap while still alive, so there is a good possibility you will have to finish the process of sacrificing the animal to make a meal out of it.
The Paiute Deadfall trap, demonstrated here, is one of the most effective hunting methods of primitive societies. As witnessed in the video, it is a very lethal device that, when assembled properly, should sacrifice the target animal quickly and as painlessly as possible. That being said, slightly larger game, yet still categorized as small, may trigger the trap. If/when this occurs, you may need to finish sacrificing the animal yourself. The beauty of a trap like this is that it can be reset in areas where it is successful, time and time again.
One of the first things you will need to find during a SHTF situation is a source of water. You will need water long before you will need food. When searching for a water source, attempt to locate a source of freshwater. Freshwater systems will more than likely have an abundance of food in the form of fish. While you may not have fishing gear with you, there are several methods of constructing submersible traps that can be used to successfully harvest fish. Fishing traps should be checked, emptied and replaced on a regular basis for maximum efficiency.
This training video demonstrates one method of establishing a static fishing trap. Unlike the trap from the previous video, this one will remain in place. Once it has been built it will not be retrieved, you will need to check it physically and remove all captured creatures as proficiently as possible. This can be a great source of securing food in a long-term survival situation; however, we would not recommend going to such lengths near a temporary encampment; the time and energy to build such a structure may not be compensated for with the amount of catch in a short-term scenario, and we do not want to overexert ourselves and waste energy unnecessarily.
Obviously traditional methods of hunting and fishing are preferred if possible; however, it will be very beneficial to have these skills to fall back on if need be.